Edinburgh, United Kingdom.
This is a souvenir acrylic fridge magnet of Edinburgh, United Kingdom. Edinburgh is a city in South East Scotland with a population of about 495,360. Located on the southern shore of the Firth of Forth it is the capital city of Scotland. Attracting over one million overseas visitors a year, Edinburgh is the second most popular tourist destination in the UK. The proximity of the city to the sea mitigates any large variations in temperature or extremes of climate. Rainfall is distributed fairly evenly throughout the year. Winds may be accompanied by haar, a persistent coastal fog. The Old Town and New Town districts of Edinburgh were listed as a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1995 in recognition of the unique character of the Old Town with its medieval street layout and the planned Georgian New Town. There are over 4,500 listed buildings within the city, a higher proportion relative to area than any other city in the United Kingdom. The street layout is typical of the old quarters of many northern European cities. The castle perches on top of a rocky crag (the remnants of an extinct volcano) the Royal Mile runs down the crest of a ridge from it.
Old Town Becomes NewTown
Due to space restrictions imposed by the narrowness of the "tail", the Old Town became home to some of the earliest "high rise" residential buildings. Multi-storey dwellings known as lands were the norm from the 16th century onwards with ten and eleven storeys being typical and one even reaching fourteen or fifteen storeys. Numerous vaults below street level were inhabited to accommodate the influx of immigrants during the Industrial Revolution. The New Town was an 18th century solution to the problem of an increasingly crowded Old Town. The city had remained compact, confined to the ridge running down from the castle. In 1766 a competition to design the New Town was won by James Craig, a 27-year-old architect. The plan that was built created a rigid, ordered grid. The principal street was to be George Street, which follows the natural ridge to the north of the Old Town. Either side of it are the other main streets of Princes Street and Queen Street. Princes Street has since become the main shopping street in Edinburgh, but few Georgian buildings survive on it.