The Souvenir from the Land of the Pharaohs: The Great Pyramid Of Giza
One of the best mementoes that can be obtained from the ancient land of Egypt is the acrylic Fridge Magnet depicting the Pyramids of Giza. The Great Pyramids of Giza is also well-known as the Great Pyramids of Khufu or the Pyramid of Cheops. It is not only the oldest and the largest of the three pyramids in the Giza necropolis, but it is the oldest of the Seven Wonders of the World, too. However, what is amazing is that it is still largely intact. According to the Egyptologists, this pyramid was built as a tomb for the Fourth Dynasty Egyptian Pharaoh, Khufu. Khufu ascended the throne at the age of 20 and soon started constructing his “Stairway to Heaven”. In fact, he was the first Pharaoh to build a pyramid at Giza. There are three known chambers inside the Great Pyramid. The lowest chamber is cut into the bed rock while the Queen’s chamber and the King’s Chamber are higher up within the structure of the Pyramid.
The Structural Details of the Mighty Pyramid of Giza
Till date, there are several mysteries relating to the Great Pyramid of Giza which add to its attraction. Initially, this structure was 481feet (146.5m) tall but nowadays it comes to 451feet (138m). It took about 23 years to finish the structure. Originally the Great Pyramid was covered by the casing stones, which contributed to a smooth outer surface. However, what is visible today is the underlying core structure and the casing is seen only around the base. It is estimated that 5.5 tons of Limestone (from nearby quarries), 8000 tons of Granite (from Aswan) and 500000 tons of mortars were used in the construction of the pyramid. The empty coffer in the King’s chamber made up of the solid block of the chocolate-colored Granite remains the most mysterious part of the great pyramid because till date its purpose has not been revealed.