Sagrada Familia By Gaudi
This is a plate shaped, bronze coloured, metal fridge magnet souvenir depicting the Sagrada Familia in Barcelona, Spain. The Sagrada Familia or Basilica and Expiatory Church of the Holy Family is a large Roman Catholic church in Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain, designed by Catalan architect Gaudi (1852-1926). Though construction of Sagrada Familia had commenced in 1882, Gaudi only became involved in 1883, taking over the project and transforming it with his Gothic and curvilinear Art Nouveau forms of architecture and engineering style. The basilica has a long history of dividing the citizens of Barcelona-over the initial possibility it might compete with Barcelona's cathedral, over Gaudi's design itself, over the possibility that work after Gaudi's death disregarded his design, and the recent possibility that an underground tunnel of Spain's high-speed train could disturb its stability. Describing Sagrada Familia, art critic Rainer Zerbst said "it is probably impossible to find a church building anything like it in the entire history of art" and Paul Goldberger called it "the most extraordinary personal interpretation of Gothic architecture since the Middle Ages."
The Basilica of the Sagrada Familia was the inspiration of a Catalan bookseller, Josep Maria Bocabella, founder of Asociacion Espiritual de Devotos de San Jose (Spiritual Association of Devotees of St. Joseph). After a visit to the Vatican in 1872, Bocabella returned from Italy with the intention of building a church inspired by that at Loreto. The crypt of the church, funded by donations, was begun 19 March 1882, on the festival of St. Joseph, to the design of the architect Francisco de Paula del Villar, whose plan was for a Gothic revival church of a standard form. Antoni Gaudi began work on the project in 1883. On 18 March 1883 Villar retired from the project, and Gaudi assumed responsibility for its design, which he changed radically. On the subject of the extremely long construction period, Gaudi is said to have remarked: "My client is not in a hurry." When Gaudi died in 1926, the basilica was between 15 and 25 percent complete. After Gaudi's death, work continued under the direction of Domenec Sugranes i Gras until interrupted by the Spanish Civil War in 1936. Construction passed the midpoint in 2010 with some of the project's greatest challenges remaining and an anticipated completion date of 2026-the centennial of Gaudi's death.