Quell Your Curiosity about the Quebec Coat of Arms
There is a lot going on in the coat of arms of Quebec, so let us help you navigate the various symbols and designs. This is the most recent design, and was adopted by order-in-council of the Quebec government on December 9, 1939. As you can see above, the shield is divided into three horizontal rows. The first row consists of three gold fleurs-de-lis on a blue background. This represents royal France. The second row displays a gold lion passant guardant on a red background. This represents English royalty. Finally, the third row shows three green maple leaves on a gold background, which represents Canada. A Tudor Crown tops the shield, and the provincial motto, Je me souviens, adorns the bottom of the shield. The motto translates to "I remember".
The Original Coat of Arms of Quebec
The first coat of arms of Quebec was granted by Queen Victoria on May 26, 1868 and bears a striking resemblance to the current coat of arms. It too consisted of three rows, although the top row portrayed two blue fleurs-de-lis on a gold background. It wasn't until 1939 that the crown and motto were added to the shield, and the two blue fleurs-de-lis were forsaken for three gold fleurs-de-lis. This change in the coat of arms marked Quebec as the only Canadian province to ever adopt arms by its own authority. To this day, the federal government is inconsistent in its use of the two different versions of the coat of arms. There are a few times in recent history that they have used the 1868 version; on the Centennial Flame on Parliament Hill (a monument which commemorates Canada's 100th anniversary as a Confederation), and on the badge of the Royal 22nd Regiment.