Casa Mila Or Gaudi's La Pedrera
This is a brass coloured metal fridge magnet souvenir of Gaudi's La Pedrera also known as Casa Mila in Barcelona Spain. Casa Mila is a building designed by the Catalan architect Antoni Gaudi and built during the years 1906-1912. It was a controversial design at the time for the bold forms of the undulating stone facade and wrought iron decoration of the balconies and windows, designed largely by Josep Maria Jujol, who also created some of the plaster ceilings. Architecturally it is considered an innovative work for its steel structure and curtain walls - the facade is self-supporting. Other innovative elements were the construction of underground car parking and separate lifts and stairs for the owners and their servants. In 1984, it was declared a World Heritage site by UNESCO. The building is made open to the public by various exhibitions and activities and visits to the interior and roof. The building did not respect any rules of conventional style, which is why he received much criticism.
The Building And Layout
The building is 1,323 m2 per floor on a plot of 1,620 m2. Gaudi began the first sketches in his workshop in the Sagrada Familia, where he conceived of this house as a constant curve, both outside and inside, incorporating multiple solutions of formal geometry and elements of a naturalistic nature. Casa Mila is the result of two buildings that are structured around two courtyards that provide light to the nine levels: basement, ground floor, mezzanine, main (or noble) floor, four upper floors, and an attic. The basement was intended to be the garage, the main floor the residence of the Milas (a flat of all 1,323 m2), and the rest distributed over 20 homes for rent. The resulting layout is shaped like an asymmetrical "8" because of the different shape and size of the courtyards. The attic housed the laundry and drying areas, forming an insulating space for the building and simultaneously determining the levels of the roof. One of the most significant parts of the building is the roof, crowned with skylights or staircase exits, fans, and chimneys. Casa Mila is characterized by its self-supporting stone facade, meaning that it is free of the functions of a load-bearing wall, which connects to the internal structure of each floor by means of curved iron beams surrounding the perimeter of each floor. This construction system allows, on one hand, large openings in the facade which give light to the homes, and on the other, free structuring of the different levels, so that all walls can be demolished without affecting the stability of the building. This allows the owners to change their minds at will and to modify, without problems, the interior layout of the homes.