Seal Of Arizona
This is an acrylic fridge magnet souvenir of the Seal of Arizona, United States. The Great Seal of the State of Arizona is ringed by the words "Great Seal of the State of Arizona" on the top, and 1912, the year of Arizona's statehood. In the background is a range of mountains with the sun rising behind the peaks. At the right side of the mountains is a water reservoir and a dam, with irrigated fields and orchards. Cattle are grazing on the right, and a quartz mill and a miner (George Warren) with a pick and shovel are on the left. The state seal is representative of the foundational elements of the Arizona economy: cattle, cotton, copper, citrus, and climate, which are all visible on the seal. The "Five Cs", as they are commonly known, appear as follows: Cattle are represented by the cow at approximately 5 o'clock. Citrus is represented by the irrigated orchard slightly left of the middle. Cotton is represented by the irrigated fields slightly right of the midline. Copper is represented by the miner on the left. Climate, as expressed and exported in the flora and fauna, is represented by the sun and rainclouds.
The Baking Powder Seal
President Lincoln approved a bill in 1863 creating the Territory of Arizona, and appointed Richard McCormick, a businessman and journalist, as the territory's Secretary, and designed a seal which featured a bearded miner standing in front of a wheelbarrow, holding a pick, and a short-handled spade. Two bare mountains appear in the background. At the bottom was the Latin motto "Ditat Deus", God enriches. In response to criticism, McCormick introduced a revised, more elaborate version, which included new shadowing and a small stream at the miner's feet. The wheelbarrow and spade were replaced with a more befitting long-handled shovel, and the mountains featured a pointed peak- probably Thumb Butte, west of the capital in Prescott. The motto remained in its former place. The McCormick seal was nicknamed the "baking powder seal" because it resembled the label on cans of Pioneer baking powder. Despite the plans for a new seal, Arizona continued to use the old one. McCormick, preferring his own design, took advantage of a provision of the act that allowed him to use the former seal in his official duties "until the seal authorized in this act is prepared". The new seal was not prepared until 1879, 15 years later. The old seal was finally retired in 1879, but it is still in use by Gila County.